Lower Pole Calyceal Stone and Lithotripsy are Issues with Clearance Fact or Reality?

M. Hammad Ather

Associate Professor, Urology, Department of Surgery, Aga Khan University, Karachi Pakistan

Disclosure: No potential conflict of interest
Citation: EMJ – Urology, 2013: 1, 100-103


The lower pole calyceal (LPC) stone continues to be an enigma. The complex anatomy of the lower pole collecting system, along with other factors like acute pelvi calyceal angle and narrow and long infundibulum, are some of the complicating factors affecting stone clearance. There have been many studies assessing the impact of collecting system anatomy and most conclude that the complex anatomy of the lower pole collecting system does impact the overall stone-free rate.

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