Immunomodulation: Basic Concepts and Clinical Application

A narrative summary of selected presentations that took place on 11th−12th May 2017, as part of the Encuentro Latinoamericano de Infecciones Respiratorias Recurrentes (ELAIR) educational event in Mexico City, Mexico

Speaker: José Antonio Ortega Martell

Autonomous University of Hidalgo State, Pachuca, Mexico

Disclosure: Prof Ortega Martell has received an honorarium from OM/Vifor Pharma as a regional expert and presenter at the ELAIR summit, Mexico City, Mexico.
Acknowledgements: Writing assistance was provided by Ewen Legg, Halcyon Medical Writing, Caithness, UK.
Support: The publication of this article was funded by OM/Vifor Pharma. The views and opinions expressed are those of the author and not necessarily those of OM/Vifor Pharma.
Citation: EMJ Respir. 2017;5[Suppl 14]:14-21.

Meeting Summary

The third Encuentro Latinoamericano de Infecciones Respiratorias Recurrentes (ELAIR) took place in Mexico City, Mexico, on 11th−12th May 2017. ELAIR brought together experts from across Latin America and further afield, continuing an extraordinary didactic exercise on the cutting-edge advances of respiratory medicine. Impressive progress has been made in the past 15 years, with new treatments available to manage and prevent airway infections. It remains to be seen how this might affect the related conditions of wheezing and asthma in predisposed and sensitised subjects. However, early data suggest that lower respiratory infection rates may reduce the development of the above conditions which are closely related to viral infections. Immunomodulators that both prime the immune system to fight infection and reduce inflammation are likely to play a major role in secondary and even potentially primary prevention of atopic diseases.

This article has a correction, made on 09.01.18.
The details of the correction are as follows: The word ‘Rational’ was edited to read ‘Rationale’ in the last paragraph heading on pg.17.
The prior version of the paper is available on request, please contact

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