Varicocele: A Review

Nevzat Can Sener,1 Ismail Nalbant,2 *Ufuk Ozturk2

1. Department of Urology, Numune Education and Research Hospital, Ministry of Health, Adana, Turkey
2. Department of Urology, Diskapi Yildirim Beyazid Education and Research Hospital, Ministry of Health, Ankara, Turkey
*Correspondence to

Disclosure: The authors have declared no conflicts of interest.
Received: 16.02.15 Accepted: 23.03.15
Citation: EMJ Repro Health. 2015;1[1]:54-58.


The link between varicocele and infertility was first reported by Celsius in the first century AD, but it was not widely acknowledged until Tulloch and colleagues reported the improvement of sperm parameters in 26 of 30 patients undergoing varicocelectomy. The World Health Organization also reported that varicocele was present in 25% of patients with abnormal sperm parameters and 12% of patients with normal sperm parameters. Varicocele is the most frequently encountered surgical disease causing male infertility.

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