New Therapies Targeting Cystogenesis in Autosomal Polycystic Kidney Disease

*Maurizio Salvadori,1 Aris Tsalouchos1

1. Renal Unit, Careggi University Hospital, Florence, Italy
2. Division of Nephrology, Careggi University Hospital, Florence, Italy
*Correspondence to maurizio.salvadori1@gmail.com

Disclosure: The authors have declared no conflicts of interest.
Acknowledgements: The authors acknowledge Dr Stefanos Tsalouchos for his assistance and for drawing Figure 1.
Received: 24.02.17 Accepted: 23.05.17
Citation: EMJ Nephrol. 2017;5[1]:102-111.

Abstract

Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease is the most common inherited kidney disease and results from mutations in the polycystin 1 gene (PKD1) or the polycystin 2 gene (PKD2). The disease is characterised by the progressive development of fluid-filled cysts derived from renal tubular epithelial cells that destroy the architecture of the renal parenchyma and lead to kidney failure. Until recently, the causes and the molecular pathways that lead to cystogenesis remained obscure. In the last decade, enormous progress has been made in understanding the pathogenesis of autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease and developing new therapies. The purpose of this review is to provide an update on the promising therapies that are being developed and tested, based on knowledge of recent advances in molecular and cellular targets involved in cystogenesis.

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