Repair of Congenital Heart Defects: Essentials for the Adult Cardiologist

Andrew H. Constantine,1 Ee Ling Heng,2 *Syed M. Afzal Sohaib1

1. Department of Cardiology, Imperial College Healthcare, London, UK
2. Royal Brompton & Harefield NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK
*Correspondence to

Disclosure: The authors have declared no conflicts of interest.
Received: 17.05.16 Accepted: 12.05.17
Citation: EMJ Int Cardiol. 2017;5[1]:62-70.


Congenital heart disease represents the most prevalent birth defect, and surgical and interventional advances have translated to a burgeoning adult population of patients. Timely, tailored, and lesion-specific interventions are necessary to optimise long-term outcomes for this complex, heterogeneous patient cohort. We present a review of the most common defects which may be encountered in general adult cardiology. Particular focus is paid to the recommended interventional options and associated complications for each condition in line with European and American guidelines.

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