The Choice Of Contrast Media in the Cardiac Catheterisation Laboratory

Giovanni Esposito

Associate Professor of Cardiology, Università Degli Studi di Napoli Federico II, Naples, Italy

Acknowledgements: Writing assistance provided by Trilogy Writing and Consulting Ltd.
Support: The publication of this article was funded by Bracco. The views and opinions expressed are those of the authors and not necessarily of Bracco.
Citation: EMJ Int Cardiol. 2013;1(Suppl 1):1-10.


Contrast media (CM) in cardiology is used in vessel visualisation, stenosis identification, localisation and identification of vessel ramifications and cardiovascular malformations. The identification of a CM that has the optimum visual properties and a safe profile was investigated in this study, along with other significant parameters. Quantitative assessment in choosing appropriate CM was investigated in the following properties: concentration, osmolality and viscosity, presence of ethylene-diamine tetraacetic acid (EDTA), cardiac tolerability, nephrotoxicity, delayed adverse reactions, thyrotoxicity, and cytotoxicity. Comparisons of possible candidates of CM include: iopamidol, iobitridol, iodixanol, iopromide, iohexol and ioversol, under study of the aforementioned parameters.

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