The Future of Mobile Health Applications and Devices in Cardiovascular Health

Heval Mohamed Kelli,1 Bradley Witbrodt,1 *Amit Shah1,2

1. Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine,
Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
2. Department of Epidemiology, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University; Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiology, Emory University School of Medicine; Staff Physician, Atlanta Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
*Correspondence to ajshah3@emory.edu

Disclosure: The authors have declared no conflicts of interest.
Acknowledgements: Dr Kelli is supported by the Katz foundation. Dr Witbrodt is supported by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) under T32 HL007745. Dr Shah is sponsored by the American Heart Association (AHA) (SDG-20593449) and NIH (UL1-TR-000454, KL2-TR-00045, K23-HL-127251). The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the funders.
Received: 01.03.16 Accepted: 22.09.16
Citation: EMJ Innov. 2017;1[1]:92-97.

Abstract

Mobile health (mHealth) is the utilisation of mobile technologies in healthcare and has particular relevance in improving lifestyle behaviours which may ultimately reduce cardiovascular disease risk. Various intervention studies for example integrate self-monitoring of diet and physical activity with text messaging systems to improve intermediate outcomes. Currently the future progress of mHealth technologies in formal diagnostic and therapeutic roles is pending and includes the need to validate and standardise accelerometer and heart rate data from various devices. Data also needs to be integrated from such devices into the medical record system to facilitate communication between providers and patients. Although short-term behaviour changes have been found with technologies such as Fitbit® (Fitbit, Inc., San Francisco, California, USA), whether such technologies/interventions lead to sustained behaviour change and reduced risk of myocardial infarction and death remains to be seen.

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