*Ali A. Rizvi
Professor of Medicine, Department of Medicine and Director, Division of Endocrinology, University of South Carolina School of Medicine, Columbia, South Carolina, USA
*Correspondence to Ali.Rizvi@uscmed.sc.edu
Disclosure: The author has received grant support, as principal investigator at the University of South Carolina site, from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) for the SPRINT Trial (Contract Number: HHSN268200900040C, ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01206062). The contents of this paper do not necessarily represent the views of the NIH.
Received: 29.03.16 Accepted: 09.09.16
Citation: EMJ Diabet. 2016;4:74-83.
The majority of patients with Type 2 diabetes require insulin therapy for treating hyperglycaemia. There are several regimens available for insulin initiation and maintenance. Insulin analogues have been developed to mimic normal physiology as closely as possible. Biphasic analogues can target both fasting and postprandial hyperglycaemia, with the added advantage of being premixed and thus convenient for the patient. A practical and feasible option is to initiate insulin with one or more biphasic preparations at mealtimes, thus providing both basal and prandial coverage. Individual titration of dose and frequency of daily injections with biphasic insulin preparations has the potential for improving glycaemic control with a high degree of patient acceptance. Drawbacks include a more rigid regimen, a relative lack of flexibility, and a somewhat higher degree of glycaemic variability and hypoglycaemia when compared to multiple daily basal-bolus injections. Awareness of the advantages and limitations of biphasic insulin analogues can assist clinicians in their appropriate use for the treatment of patients with Type 2 diabetes.