Benefits of Bariatric Surgery and Perioperative Surgical Safety

Ji Chung Tham,1 *Carel W. le Roux2,3

1. General and Vascular Surgery Department, Musgrove Park Hospital, Taunton, UK
2. Diabetes Complications Research Centre, UCD Conway Institute, School of Medicine and Medical Science, University College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland
3. Gastrosurgical Laboratory, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden
*Correspondence to carel.leroux@ucd.ie

Disclosure: The authors have declared no conflicts of interest.
ORCHID number: 155215445
Received: 17.11.14 Accepted: 16.04.15
Citation: EMJ Diabet. 2015;3[1]:66-71.

Abstract

Obesity is a worldwide problem with numerous associated health problems. The number of patients eligible for surgery outnumber surgical capacity and so patients need to be prioritised based on their obesity- related health burden and comorbidities. Weight loss as a result of bariatric surgery is significant and maintained in the long term. In addition to weight loss, patient health improves in terms of metabolic, macrovascular, and microvascular disease. As a result, quality of life is better, along with psychosocial wellbeing. Bariatric surgery is associated with a relatively low number of complications and appears to result in a reduction in mortality risk due to the resolution of comorbidities. Hence, surgery can now be routinely considered as an adjunct to medical therapy in the management of obesity.

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