Haemangioma: A Review of the Literature and an Unusual Case Report

*Ajaya Kumar

Consultant Neurosurgeon, Muthoot Healthcare, Kerala, India
*Correspondence to drajayakumara@gmail.com

Disclosure: The author has declared no conflicts of interest.
Received: 09.06.16 Accepted: 02.12.16
Citation: EMJ. 2017;2[1]:31-35.

Abstract

Haemangiomas are benign tumours growing by vascular endothelial hyperplasia, commonly occurring in females. The main types diagnosed in children are infantile haemangioma and congenital haemangioma, and these can also be found: in the liver, the gastrointestinal tract, intramuscularly, in vertebrae, intradurally, calvarially, and in the skull base. They can cause functional impairment, high output cardiac failure, and consumption coagulopathy, with current treatment options of corticosteroids, propranolol, embolisation, surgery, and laser treatment. Following a brief review of the literature, a rare case of a calvarial lesion is conveyed. A 57-year-old man presented with a right frontal parasagittal swelling and a computed tomography (CT) scan showed a lesion with a ‘honeycomb’ appearance. It was excised and the histopathological report received described the lesion as an intraosseous cavernous haemangioma.

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