Valvular Heart Disease and Risk Score Systems in Clinical Practice

*Ricardo Casalino,1,2,3 Leonardo Jorge Cordeiro de Paula,1,2 Eduardo Bello Martins,2 Flavio Tarasoutchi1,2

1. Diagnostic and Preventive Medicine, Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, São Paulo, Brazil
2. Heart Institute, University of São Paulo Medical School, São Paulo, Brazil
3. Santa Marcelina Hospital, Santa Marcelina Faculty, São Paulo, Brazil
*Correspondence to

Disclosure: The authors have declared no conflicts of interest.
Received: 01.06.16 Accepted: 07.09.16
Citation: EMJ Cardiol. 2016;4[1]:103-106.


Heart valve disease is a very common medical condition; the most frequent aetiology is degenerative valve disease, mainly represented by calcific aortic stenosis in the elderly. In developing countries, valvular heart disease triggered by rheumatic fever is the most important aetiology and can lead to a heterogeneous heart valve disease, mainly represented by mitral stenosis in young female patients. The need for heart valve surgery is common in this context and preoperative risk stratification is essential in making surgical decisions. To evaluate the preoperative risk of these valve heart disease patients, risk scores have been created to assess the surgical morbidity and mortality.

In this article, we aim to discuss the current risk score systems, and the applicability and effectiveness of these systems in specific populations of heart valve disease taking into account the epidemiological characteristics of the studied populations.

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