Vaccine Reduces Risk of Hospitalisation with Shingles

Vaccine Reduces Risk of Hospitalisation with Shingles

Dermatology April 10, 2017 at 9:54 AM 0 comments

THE RISK of developing shingles (herpes zoster virus), a skin condition that occurs once the varicella-zoster virus is reactivated in nerve cells, can be significantly reduced in older adults through the use of vaccination, according to the results of a retrospective cohort study. Researchers considered the effectiveness and durability ofRead More

Melanoma, Mutations, and Mice

Melanoma, Mutations, and Mice

Dermatology April 10, 2017 at 9:53 AM 0 comments

MELANOMAS with mutations in ATR, a protein that detects and repairs DNA damage caused by ultraviolet exposure and which contributes to cell reproduction, have recently been found to have an altered immune environment that promotes the growth of tumours. Researchers hope that these findings will help improve immunotherapies for melanomaRead More

Low Vitamin D Levels Linked to Ulcerative Colitis Relapse

Low Vitamin D Levels Linked to Ulcerative Colitis Relapse

Gastroenterology April 5, 2017 at 10:06 AM 0 comments

CLINICAL relapse risk amongst individuals with ulcerative colitis (UC) more common if the levels of vitamin D in the blood are lower than required, according to researchers at the Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts, USA. Senior author Dr Alan Moss, Digestive Disease Center, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center,Read More

Connection Uncovered Between Gut Bacteria and Patient Behaviour

Connection Uncovered Between Gut Bacteria and Patient Behaviour

Gastroenterology April 5, 2017 at 10:05 AM 0 comments

A POTENTIAL link has been discerned between gut bacteria and behaviour in patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), a common gastrointestinal disorder with an approximate worldwide incidence of 11%. It is hoped that the findings from this study will assist in the development of new treatments; to date, treatment optionsRead More

Focussed Ultrasound for Tumour Destruction

Focussed Ultrasound for Tumour Destruction

Hepatology March 27, 2017 at 8:52 AM 0 comments

FOCUSSED ultrasound has been suggested as a future therapy for the gentler treatment of tumours of the liver. Already used readily as a diagnostic method, the use of ultrasound in therapy requires the waves to be highly concentrated to destroy tumour cells and diseased tissue to render them harmless. FocussedRead More

Harnessing the Liver’s Fat-Burning Power

Harnessing the Liver’s Fat-Burning Power

Hepatology March 27, 2017 at 8:51 AM 0 comments

LIVER cells have been found to have their own ability to burn accumulated fat, according to Swedish researchers. A new clinical trial has been planned for the treatment of Type 2 diabetes mellitus and hepatic steatosis, building upon a study of 86 individuals with diverse degrees of fatty liver disease.Read More

Pembrolizumab Improves Survival as a Second-Line Treatment for Urothelial Cancer

Pembrolizumab Improves Survival as a Second-Line Treatment for Urothelial Cancer

Urology March 27, 2017 at 8:48 AM 0 comments

PEMBROLIZUMAB, a highly selective, humanised monoclonal antibody targeting programmed cell death 1 (PD-1), has a superior safety profile and improved survival rates compared with chemotherapy when used as second-line treatment for advanced urothelial carcinoma, results from a recent Phase III trial revealed. This open-label, international trial featured 542 patients withRead More

Promising Results from Phase II Trial of Renal Cancer Drug

Promising Results from Phase II Trial of Renal Cancer Drug

Urology March 27, 2017 at 8:47 AM 0 comments

RESULTS published from a Phase II clinical trial have shown the potential of the investigational drug savolitinib in the treatment of c-MET-driven papillary renal cell carcinoma. Renal cell cancer is the most common type of kidney cancer and papillary renal cell carcinoma is the second most histologic subtype. This subtypeRead More

The First Successful Robot-Assisted Retinal Vein Cannulation

The First Successful Robot-Assisted Retinal Vein Cannulation

Innovations March 20, 2017 at 8:58 AM 0 comments

A REVOLUTIONARY treatment has been developed for the surgical dispersal of retinal vein occlusion clots. The procedure would not have been possible without the aid of a specialist robotic device, which was custom-made by mechanical engineering researchers from the Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Leuven, Belgium, and has enabled surgeons at theRead More

Scientists Develop Bioprinting Technology Capable of Synthesising Human Skin

Scientists Develop Bioprinting Technology Capable of Synthesising Human Skin

Innovations March 20, 2017 at 8:56 AM 0 comments

HUMAN skin has been successfully synthesised using a three-dimensional (3D) bioprinter. Researchers at the Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, Madrid, Spain, have developed an innovative new bioprinting method which could revolutionise tissue grafting, organ transplantation, pharmaceutical drug development, and cosmetic testing. Previously, scientists successfully demonstrated the effective generation of plasma-basedRead More