Development of Allergic Asthma Prevented by Chloroquine and Quinine

Development of Allergic Asthma Prevented by Chloroquine and Quinine

Respiratory May 15, 2017 at 10:03 AM 0 comments

KEY symptoms of asthma may be treatable, according to the results of a study investigating the effects of chloroquine and quinine in mice models of allergic asthma.  Due to the prevalence of asthma, this finding is of great significance. Indeed, in the USA today, around 1 in 12 people areRead More

Enzyme Offers New Treatment for Inflammatory Lung Disease

Enzyme Offers New Treatment for Inflammatory Lung Disease

Respiratory May 15, 2017 at 10:00 AM 0 comments

CHITIN, a compound known for its strength, can be destroyed by an enzyme secreted by the lungs according to results from a recent study. When chitinases, enzymes that are responsible for breaking down chitin and disposing of it, are not present in mice, they soon experience a build-up of chitinRead More

Weight Cycling and Coronary Artery Disease

Weight Cycling and Coronary Artery Disease

THE IMPACT of ‘weight cycling’ (here referring to repeated cycles of weight gain and loss) on health outcomes in patients with pre-existing heart disease has been reported following a USA-based study. A summary of the findings is that weight cycling may be associated with an increased risk of heart attack,Read More

Muscle Stem Cells Used to Treat Heart Failure

Muscle Stem Cells Used to Treat Heart Failure

A CUTTING-EDGE technique for the treatment of heart failure was revealed to have encouraging results in humans following a recent Phase I trial. The current state of available heart failure treatments is far from ideal; in the USA during 2009 1 in 9 deaths was as a result of heartRead More

New Hope in Fight Against Pancreatic Cancer

New Hope in Fight Against Pancreatic Cancer

Hematology, Oncology May 2, 2017 at 1:46 PM 0 comments

MIR506, a small microRNA molecule, could be the key to new treatments to suppress deadly and aggressive pancreatic cancer, a new study has found. Through a process named autophagy, which assists cells in balancing sources of energy and plays a role in programmed cell death, scientists at Wake Forest BaptistRead More

Discovery of New Role of the Lungs in Blood Formation

Discovery of New Role of the Lungs in Blood Formation

Hematology, Oncology May 2, 2017 at 1:44 PM 0 comments

VIDEO microscopy of a living mouse lung has led to the surprising discovery that platelets are formed in the lungs as well as in the bone marrow. The team, based at the University of California San Francisco (UCSF), San Francisco, California, USA, used a newly refined version of a techniqueRead More

Vaginal Bacterium Linked to Recurrent Urinary Tract Infections

Vaginal Bacterium Linked to Recurrent Urinary Tract Infections

Reproductive Health April 24, 2017 at 9:32 AM 0 comments

RECURRENT urinary tract infections (UTIs) in women have been suggested to be triggered when the bladder is exposed to common vaginal bacterium, activating dormant Escherichia coli. UTIs are a common infection that affect millions of women around the world, yet it is unknown what triggers the reactivation. Researchers have proposedRead More

Fingerprinting Tool Improves HIV Vaccine Potential

Fingerprinting Tool Improves HIV Vaccine Potential

Reproductive Health April 24, 2017 at 9:31 AM 0 comments

A NEW technique for fingerprinting the shield of sugar molecules, called glycans, that surrounds the glycoprotein envelope of the HIV virus has been developed by researchers and it is hoped that this will increase the effectiveness of HIV vaccines. A suitable target for a HIV vaccine is believed to beRead More

Could Diabetic Retinopathy be Prevented by Secretogranin III Inhibitors?

Could Diabetic Retinopathy be Prevented by Secretogranin III Inhibitors?

Diabetes April 18, 2017 at 9:05 AM 0 comments

VASCULAR changes in diabetic patients can lead to long-term complications including diabetic retinopathy. Researchers from the Bascom Palmer Eye Institute, Miami, Florida, USA have discovered a new ligand called secretogranin III (Scg3) that possesses selective binding activity in diabetic blood vessels. Diabetic retinopathy affects approximately 93 million people worldwide. AnRead More

Eosinophils: A Potential New Treatment for Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

Eosinophils: A Potential New Treatment for Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

Diabetes April 18, 2017 at 9:03 AM 0 comments

EOSINOPHILS, a specific type of immune cell, may present as a new target for the treatment of Type 2 diabetes mellitus and obesity-related hypertension. A collaborative study conducted by researchers at Lund University, Lund, Sweden; University of Manchester; and University of Salford, Manchester, UK discovered that the number of eosinophilsRead More