Baricitinib Fights the Biological Mechanism of Rheumatoid Arthritis

Baricitinib Fights the Biological Mechanism of Rheumatoid Arthritis

Rheumatology May 23, 2016 at 2:12 PM 0 comments

A CURE-LIKE state has been achieved in a new Phase III study exploring the effects of baricitinib in rheumatoid arthritis patients with poor responses to previous therapy with other disease modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs), such as tumour necrosis factor inhibitors. In the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis, when binding to cells,Read More

Enlarged Prostate: New Research Puts Nocturia to Bed

Enlarged Prostate: New Research Puts Nocturia to Bed

Urology May 16, 2016 at 2:38 PM 0 comments

A NEW technique in interventional radiology has shown promise in a recent study on the treatment of nocturia (needing to urinate during the night) as a result of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) or an enlarged prostate. The technique, prostate artery embolisation (PAE), involves stemming blood flow to the prostate inRead More

Molecular Similarities in Breast and Bladder Cancers

Molecular Similarities in Breast and Bladder Cancers

Urology May 16, 2016 at 2:30 PM 0 comments

THE DISCOVERY of molecular signatures, common in a newly defined subtype of bladder cancer, that are similar to the signatures in certain types of breast cancer, has shed light on new possibilities in the treatment of advanced bladder cancer. The classification of cancers has recently undergone significant changes, from usingRead More

‘Leaky’ Vessels Answer to Unresponsive Cancer

‘Leaky’ Vessels Answer to Unresponsive Cancer

Neurology May 9, 2016 at 9:40 AM 0 comments

PROMISING research, which has implications for the development of treatments for medulloblastoma, the most common brain tumour in children, has emerged from a recent mouse model study. Approximately 60 cases of medulloblastoma are reported each year, with a large disparity in patient outcomes. In their study, the researchers found theRead More

Brain Rewiring After Stroke May be Answer to Therapy

Brain Rewiring After Stroke May be Answer to Therapy

Neurology May 9, 2016 at 9:39 AM 0 comments

RECOVERY following a stroke can be difficult, but a new study gives an insight into potential recovery markers and new treatment options. If a stroke occurs in the left hemisphere of the brain it is likely to affect language and speech-motor regions. One result of damaging these areas is aphasia,Read More

Circadian Clock in Kidneys Plays Role in Metabolic Processes

Circadian Clock in Kidneys Plays Role in Metabolic Processes

Nephrology April 29, 2016 at 5:12 PM 0 comments

RHYTHMIC processes of bodily function, such as urine excretion, are regulated by an internal circadian clock located in the kidney organs, a new study conducted at the Université de Lausanne in Switzerland shows. Human circadian rhythms, responding primarily to darkness and sunlight, and controlling physical, mental, and behavioural processes onRead More

New Mechanisms of Bladder Function Offer Target for Therapy

New Mechanisms of Bladder Function Offer Target for Therapy

Nephrology April 29, 2016 at 5:10 PM 0 comments

SENSORY nerve activity mediating the function of the bladder is influenced by both filling pressure and newly discovered ‘non-voiding transient contractions’ (TCs) according to researchers; a discovery that may offer a potential new pathway for intervention in bladder dysfunction. Through understanding the underlying processes of normally functioning bladders, therapeutic strategiesRead More

Physical Exercise Combats Depression Post Heart Attack

Physical Exercise Combats Depression Post Heart Attack

Cardiology April 25, 2016 at 9:31 AM 0 comments

UNIQUE data has shed light on the mental health of individuals who have experienced a heart attack. The analysis, which used the data collected from 1984–86, 1995–97, and 2006–08 for the Nord-Trøndelag HUNT studies, facilitated the interpretation of long-term consequences of exercise habits in relation to the aftermath of aRead More

Functional Cardiac Muscle Cells can be Successfully Regenerated

Functional Cardiac Muscle Cells can be Successfully Regenerated

Cardiology April 25, 2016 at 9:29 AM 0 comments

BIOENGINEERED human hearts are becoming a reality after a team of researchers successfully generated cardiomyocytes (cardiac muscle cells) with the help of recellularisation support systems. “Regenerating a whole heart is most certainly a long-term goal that is several years away, so we are currently working on engineering a functional myocardialRead More

First 3D Printed ‘Sneezometer’ Opens Doors to Diagnosis

First 3D Printed ‘Sneezometer’ Opens Doors to Diagnosis

Respiratory April 19, 2016 at 10:21 AM 0 comments

PIONEERING use of 3D printing technology has enabled the development of simple, non-intrusive, and cost-effective spirometry for the diagnosis of respiratory conditions. The ‘sneezometer’ provides a diagnostic solution to the high cost, inconvenience, and lack of sensitivity which are characteristic of current spirometer tests. Spirometry can be a great toolRead More