Education Required on Development of Smoking-Related Conditions

Respiratory January 23, 2018 at 8:30 AM 0 comments

SMOKERS misperceive the time-frame within which smoking-related conditions occur, believing that mild and severe ailments emerge later in life than non-smokers believe they do, according to researchers from the University of Milano-Bicocca, Milan, Italy and the University of Surrey, Surrey, UK. The findings of the recent study highlight a lackRead More

Weight Changes Can Initiate Major Changes in People’s Body Systems

Cardiology January 22, 2018 at 5:00 PM 0 comments

SIGNIFICANT alterations to the microbiome, cardiovascular system, and immune system can be caused by changes to an individual’s body weight, according to researchers at Stanford University, California, USA. The study found that even a modest weight gain led to changes in the body associated with conditions such as heart disease,Read More

Study Confirms the Mechanisms of How Humans Remember Specific Events

Neurology January 22, 2018 at 8:32 AM 0 comments

THE MECHANISM for encoding episodic memories in the hippocampus region of the human brain has been uncovered by a team from the University of California San Diego, California, USA. The finding that individual episodic memories are encoded by specific, sparse sets of hippocampal neurons could aid the development of newRead More

Measuring Facial Temperatures Can Determine Mental Strain at Work

Neurology January 18, 2018 at 3:46 PM 0 comments

CHANGES in facial temperatures can determine how much mental strain a person is under, according to researchers from the University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK. The study, which found that lower facial temperatures are linked with tasks that are complex and mentally demanding, could lead to new methods that can accuratelyRead More

Study Identifies Treatment Avenue for Inflammatory Bowel Disease

Gastroenterology January 18, 2018 at 3:44 PM 0 comments

SPECIFIC immune cells in the large intestine are moved by cholesterol metabolites, a process which underpins the formation of lymphoid tissue in the intestine, according to a study conducted by scientists at the Karolinska Institutet, Solna, Sweden. The findings have identified a potential therapeutic target for inflammatory bowel disease. FormingRead More

Study Provides New Information About How HIV is Spread

Hematology, Reproductive Health January 18, 2018 at 9:03 AM 0 comments

THE RISK of HIV outbreaks has increased in Ukraine as a result of the movements of displaced HIV-infected people caused by the ongoing conflict in the region, according to a team led by scientists from Oxford University and Public Health England. The findings reinforce previous studies showing how the spreadRead More

Cardiovascular Disease Patients Should be Monitored Following an Appointment with a Health Professional

Cardiology January 18, 2018 at 9:02 AM 0 comments

PATIENTS with chronic ischaemic cardiovascular disease have poor outcomes after being seen by a health professional, according to research by the European Society of Cardiology (ESC). Nearly a quarter of the patients included in the study had either died or were hospitalised within 6 months, with a lower rate ofRead More

Major Vaccination Programme to Prevent the Spread of Diphtheria

Respiratory January 16, 2018 at 7:50 PM 0 comments

VACCINATION of around half a million children in Rohingya refugee camps, temporary settlements, and surrounding areas in Bangladesh is taking place to try stop the spread of diphtheria. The WHO, UNICEF, and other international healthcare bodies are working to tackle this respiratory condition that children are particularly vulnerable to, whichRead More

Significant Benefits Accrue from Investment in Research on Musculoskeletal Conditions

Rheumatology January 16, 2018 at 4:45 PM 0 comments

MAJOR long-term economic benefits, as well as improvements to health, are delivered by investment in research on musculoskeletal conditions such as osteoarthritis, according to a team led by researchers from King’s College London and Brunel University London, UK. The study, supported by Arthritis Research UK and other organisations, calculated aRead More

New CRISPR/Cas9 Technique to Potentially Cure Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus

New CRISPR/Cas9 Technique to Potentially Cure Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus

Diabetes January 16, 2018 at 9:43 AM 0 comments

GENETIC ENGINEERING has been used to restore the insulin-producing cells in a Type 1 diabetes mellitus mouse model. Scientists at the Salk Institute for Biological Studies, San Diego, California, USA, have adopted a modified version of the gene editing technology CRISPR/Cas9 to allow gene activation without creating breaks in theRead More