Vaginal Bacterium Linked to Recurrent Urinary Tract Infections

Vaginal Bacterium Linked to Recurrent Urinary Tract Infections

Reproductive Health April 24, 2017 at 9:32 AM 0 comments

RECURRENT urinary tract infections (UTIs) in women have been suggested to be triggered when the bladder is exposed to common vaginal bacterium, activating dormant Escherichia coli. UTIs are a common infection that affect millions of women around the world, yet it is unknown what triggers the reactivation. Researchers have proposedRead More

Fingerprinting Tool Improves HIV Vaccine Potential

Fingerprinting Tool Improves HIV Vaccine Potential

Reproductive Health April 24, 2017 at 9:31 AM 0 comments

A NEW technique for fingerprinting the shield of sugar molecules, called glycans, that surrounds the glycoprotein envelope of the HIV virus has been developed by researchers and it is hoped that this will increase the effectiveness of HIV vaccines. A suitable target for a HIV vaccine is believed to beRead More

Could Diabetic Retinopathy be Prevented by Secretogranin III Inhibitors?

Could Diabetic Retinopathy be Prevented by Secretogranin III Inhibitors?

Diabetes April 18, 2017 at 9:05 AM 0 comments

VASCULAR changes in diabetic patients can lead to long-term complications including diabetic retinopathy. Researchers from the Bascom Palmer Eye Institute, Miami, Florida, USA have discovered a new ligand called secretogranin III (Scg3) that possesses selective binding activity in diabetic blood vessels. Diabetic retinopathy affects approximately 93 million people worldwide. AnRead More

Eosinophils: A Potential New Treatment for Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

Eosinophils: A Potential New Treatment for Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

Diabetes April 18, 2017 at 9:03 AM 0 comments

EOSINOPHILS, a specific type of immune cell, may present as a new target for the treatment of Type 2 diabetes mellitus and obesity-related hypertension. A collaborative study conducted by researchers at Lund University, Lund, Sweden; University of Manchester; and University of Salford, Manchester, UK discovered that the number of eosinophilsRead More

Vaccine Reduces Risk of Hospitalisation with Shingles

Vaccine Reduces Risk of Hospitalisation with Shingles

Dermatology April 10, 2017 at 9:54 AM 0 comments

THE RISK of developing shingles (herpes zoster virus), a skin condition that occurs once the varicella-zoster virus is reactivated in nerve cells, can be significantly reduced in older adults through the use of vaccination, according to the results of a retrospective cohort study. Researchers considered the effectiveness and durability ofRead More

Melanoma, Mutations, and Mice

Melanoma, Mutations, and Mice

Dermatology April 10, 2017 at 9:53 AM 0 comments

MELANOMAS with mutations in ATR, a protein that detects and repairs DNA damage caused by ultraviolet exposure and which contributes to cell reproduction, have recently been found to have an altered immune environment that promotes the growth of tumours. Researchers hope that these findings will help improve immunotherapies for melanomaRead More

Low Vitamin D Levels Linked to Ulcerative Colitis Relapse

Low Vitamin D Levels Linked to Ulcerative Colitis Relapse

Gastroenterology April 5, 2017 at 10:06 AM 0 comments

CLINICAL relapse risk amongst individuals with ulcerative colitis (UC) more common if the levels of vitamin D in the blood are lower than required, according to researchers at the Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts, USA. Senior author Dr Alan Moss, Digestive Disease Center, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center,Read More

Connection Uncovered Between Gut Bacteria and Patient Behaviour

Connection Uncovered Between Gut Bacteria and Patient Behaviour

Gastroenterology April 5, 2017 at 10:05 AM 0 comments

A POTENTIAL link has been discerned between gut bacteria and behaviour in patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), a common gastrointestinal disorder with an approximate worldwide incidence of 11%. It is hoped that the findings from this study will assist in the development of new treatments; to date, treatment optionsRead More

Focussed Ultrasound for Tumour Destruction

Focussed Ultrasound for Tumour Destruction

Hepatology March 27, 2017 at 8:52 AM 0 comments

FOCUSSED ultrasound has been suggested as a future therapy for the gentler treatment of tumours of the liver. Already used readily as a diagnostic method, the use of ultrasound in therapy requires the waves to be highly concentrated to destroy tumour cells and diseased tissue to render them harmless. FocussedRead More

Harnessing the Liver’s Fat-Burning Power

Harnessing the Liver’s Fat-Burning Power

Hepatology March 27, 2017 at 8:51 AM 0 comments

LIVER cells have been found to have their own ability to burn accumulated fat, according to Swedish researchers. A new clinical trial has been planned for the treatment of Type 2 diabetes mellitus and hepatic steatosis, building upon a study of 86 individuals with diverse degrees of fatty liver disease.Read More